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18 June 2019 CE | 15 Shawwal 1440 AH
Explanation below

Hadith Explanation

Mahdi Unknown to Himself

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Mahdi will be from the people of my family (Ahlil-Bait). Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) will prepare him in a single night.” [Musnad Ahmed]

In the explanation of this hadith Sheikh Abdul-Ghani Dehlevi (rahmahullah) writes: “Allah ta’ala will all of a sudden, in a single night, endow him with the capability required for leadership (Imarat) and Khilafat.” [Injah Al-Haaja Ala Hamish Ibn Majah]

Allamah Ibn Kathir in the explanation of this hadith writes: “Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) through His special favour will reveal to him his station of which he was hitherto (up till that point) unaware.” [Al-Bidayah wa Nihaya fil Fitn wal Malahim]
Thus, Hazrat Mahdi will himself not know beforehand what rank Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) has reserved for him and what his place in history is to be. Prior to being given the pledge of Khilafat (against his will) he will not claim the title of Mahdi for himself, nor will he know that he is the chosen one. This (and other) information should help Muslims to sort out false Mahdis from the real one.

Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) has provided such detailed information to us regarding where Imam Mahdi will emerge; where his pledge of allegiance will be taken, how many people will swear allegiance to him, what events will occur prior to his pledge, what battles (their places of occurrence and their outcomes) will take place after the pledge, etc, that it is not possible for Muslims to be duped by false pretenders. It is only their willful ignorance that can allow them to be deceived. Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) himself has provided all the necessary guidance.

Another important lesson to learn from this hadith is that Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) does not depend on causes. He is the Originator, the Creator of causes, the Prime Mover. When He wills He will endow Hazrat Mahdi with whatever capabilities He desires. Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) has created a world of cause and effect, but our Eeman is that Allah Himself is not bound by what He has created. He (subhana wa ta’ala) can cause anything to happen for anyone without required “causes”.

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