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23 May 2017 CE | 27 Shaban 1438 AH
Explanation below

Hadith Explanation


Making Up a Missed Prayer


Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, "When any of you sleeps through the prayer or forgets it, then let him pray it when he remembers, for Allah Mighty and Majestic says, 'Perform the prayer for my remembrance.'" [Sahih Muslim]

The scholarly majority state that the evidence from this hadith is that despite sleep and forgetfulness being lawful excuses, the obligation to perform the prayer is not eliminated by its time having passed. The person who has slept or forgotten to pray in its proper time is required to make it up when he awakens or remembers. A delay in the obligatory prayer beyond its proper time without a lawful excuse, being a sin, is a separate issue. Nevertheless, the obligatory prayer must still be made up as it is a debt owed to Allah (subhana wa ta’ala).

The words of the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) are, "A debt to Allah has better right to be fulfilled." [Sahih Bukhari] This hadith's context is that of making up a deceased person's vowed Hajj by the offspring. The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) likened the missed worship to a debt. Similar ahadith exist about fasting; proving that acts of worship when missed, regardless of the reason, become a debt that must be repaid just as other debts are, and with even better right. We say "regardless of the reason" because the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) did not ask the questioner about the reason for the vowed Hajj having been missed. If this is established in relation to making up the worship of another, it holds with still better right for making up one's own missed acts of worship. [Reliance of the Traveler]

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