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21 March 2018 CE | 05 Rajab 1439 AH
Explanation below

Hadith Explanation

Qada wa Qadar

Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: "True faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and in divine destiny (qada wa qadar), its good and its evil." [Sahih Bukhari]

Belief in certain circumstances of life being predetermined, is belief in divine destiny. Which parents I was born to, how long I will live, where I will die and what  provisions/rizq I will receive during the various stages of my life; these were written in the Preserved Tablet (al-Lawh al-Mahfuz) long before my birth. Belief in qada wa qadar produces contentment and saves one from depression and despair. This is due to the conviction that:

1. Allah has put me in this world temporarily for a test and all of my good and bad circumstances are part of the test.

2. The test is about my performance in given circumstances, not about how good or bad my circumstances are. Regardless of what circumstances I encounter, I must exhaust my efforts to live by Allah's Deen.

3. My success depends on the effort and sincerity I put in, not on the material results they appear to produce.

4. Real success is attaining the pleasure of Allah (subhana wa ta’ala), not results in this world. Whether my efforts bear any visible result or not, I must continue on my course steadfastly.

5. Whatever hardships, tests, trials and sufferings I endure during my servitude to Him are all part of His plan for my ultimate success. Enduring them with contentment, without complaint, and without being disheartened, is part of my job as His slave that I am doing for His pleasure.

The result of belief in qada wa qadar is tranquility of the soul.

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