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28 May 2017 CE | 03 Ramadhan 1438 AH
Explanation below

Hadith Explanation

Tafseer of the Quran

Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Whoever speaks of the Book of Allah from his own opinion is in error.” [Abu Dawud]

The correct method for explaining the Quran is:
1. To explain the Quran from the Quran itself. Sometimes a topic is mentioned briefly in one place, but in more detail in another place. All references to it from the Quran should be put together to understand the topic in the best way possible.
2. To explain the Quran from the Sunnah. Allah designated a Messenger so that he could show us by his example and by his explanations exactly what Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)’s commands mean and how to bring them into practice.
3. To explain by the understanding that the Sahabah had of these commands. The Quran was revealed in their presence, they heard Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) explain it, and they saw with their own eyes how it was put into practice. They devoted their whole lives to understanding and preserving the Quran and Sunnah.

It is possible that someone explain something from the Quran without referring to the Quran or Sunnah and still be correct in their explanation. Nevertheless, they will be sinful, which is a state of being in error. This is because they had no right to explain the Quran based merely on their opinions. A chemist who pretends to be a surgeon and attempts a surgery will be taken to court even if the patient comes out alive from the surgery. This is because he did not have the right to cut anyone up.

To say, “This is what the Quran means…” is to say “This is what Allah means…!” Would we like to have people put words in our mouths? Would we like people who know nothing about our opinions to speak authoritatively about what we like or dislike? Then how can we have the guts to do this with Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)?

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