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18 June 2019 CE | 15 Shawwal 1440 AH
Explanation below

Hadith Explanation

The First Question

Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The first matter concerning which people will be judged on the Day of Resurrection will be the matter of blood.” [Sahih Muslim]

Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) values human life dearly. Most people do not think of themselves as murderers and probably feel far removed from having to concern themselves with this hadith. What they need to realize is that they will be held responsible for what is done in their name, as well as for what is done by people among them, unless they actively denounce it. Otherwise, Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) will punish them all together. In Surah Baqarah of the Quran, Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) mentions the story of Bani Israel’s disobedience of Allah’s orders, not to catch fish on Saturdays. Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) tells us the stories of the Bani Israel only to warn us against behaving as they did.

The Bani Israel slyly caught fish on Saturday by putting their nets in the water on Friday and pulling them in on Sunday, as though they could fool Allah (subhana wa ta’ala)! Ibn Katheer mentions in his tafseer that the people in the village divided into three groups. One group was of the wrong doers, who violated Allah’s laws and manipulatively caught fish on Saturdays.

The second group was of true believers who not only obeyed Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) but also warned the transgressors of the wrath of Allah (subhana wa ta’ala). When the sinners refused to heed their warning, they disassociated themselves from the transgressors as well as from the third group, by building a wall with a door in it, between themselves and the others.

The third group was of those believers who did not catch fish themselves and also told the transgressors not to, but then did not disassociate themselves from the sinners. They told the true believers that they had done their job by warning the sinners and that was enough. They said that there was no need to cut themselves off from them, since the issue was between the sinners and Allah (subhana wa ta’ala).

When Allah’s punishment descended and the sinners were turned into apes, the third group that had stayed with the transgressors was also turned into apes. This tells us that true believers must keep themselves clear of both groups; those who sin and those who do not sin themselves but downplay the sin of others.

Those Muslims trying to please both sides should be warned that there are in Allah’s eyes only two groups; those who sin and those who continuously oppose the sin. While a person may not be a murderer directly, their silence on the killing of Muslims will make things very difficult for them on the Day of Judgement. Looking at the state of affairs around the world, it doesn’t look like this accountability is being taken too seriously.

In another hadith, it is stated that on the Day of Judgement, the first thing about which people will be questioned is Salat (the five daily prayers). There is no contradiction in the two narrations. Among the duties of Allah (subhana wa ta’ala), the first thing to be reckoned with will be Salat; while among the mutual rights of humans, the first thing to be taken into account will be murder.

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