Islamic Date06 Shawwal
English Date28 May
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: "Allah took the covenant from the ... [offspring] of Adam in Na'maan, i.e., Arafah. He brought forth ... all his offspring and spread them before Him. Then He addressed them, and said: 'Am I not your Lord?' They said, 'Yes, we testify,' lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: 'Verily, we have been unaware of this.' Or lest you should say: 'It was only our fathers aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allah, and we were (merely their) descendents after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practised Al-Baatil (i.e., polytheism, sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allah)?'" [Ahmad]
The ninth of Zil-Hajj, the day of Arafah, is the day on which Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) took this covenant from the progeny of Adam. There is no greater day than this and no greater covenant than this. It is because of this covenant that a person recognizes the truth. We all bore witness before Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) that He is our Lord and Creator. It is because of this covenant that no one will have an excuse for shirk before Allah (subhana wa ta'ala). Even if they have not been presented with the message of Islam, their inner self should still rebel against corrupt practices and shirk.
An example of this is Zaid ibn Amr ibn Nufail. He died before Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) sent Jibreel (alaihis salaam) to Muhammad (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam). But Zaid ibn Amr ibn Nufail never prostrated to any idol, nor did he ever eat the meat of animals that had been sacrificed at the altar of idols. He would ask the polytheists of Makkah why they would sacrifice in the name of idols, when it was not the idol but Allah the Creator and Sustainer that fed the animals. He, and other men like him, whom Allah calls Haneef, would not keep idols in their houses. Zaid ibn Amr ibn Nufail was described by Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) as having two of the levels of Jannah. This was because of his soul's remembering its covenant with Allah, and Zaid not suppressing this knowledge.
It was Zaid ibn Amr ibn Nufail's son Saeed, who was one of the ten given the good news of Paradise by Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam). Saeed (radi Allahu anhu) was one of the earliest converts to Islam. He was twenty years old when he embraced Islam. Having lived with a monotheistic father made it easy for Saeed (radi Allahu anhu) to quickly recognize Islam as a continuation of the tradition of monotheism.